Robert A. Dodell, Attorney at Law - Serving Scottsdale, Tempe & Mesa, AZ - Feed https://www.azcrimlaw.com Robert A Dodell, Attorney at Law Tue, 08 Oct 2019 02:44:51 +0000 Wed, 23 Oct 2019 04:51:43 +0000 en-US Arizona’s Zero-Tolerance DUI Laws: What You Need to Know https://www.azcrimlaw.com/dui-legal-defense/misdemeanor/arizonas-zero-tolerance-laws-what-you-need-to-know/ Fri, 27 Sep 2019 03:44:33 +0000 https://www.azcrimlaw.com/?p=1540

What Does the Zero Tolerance Mean for a DUI Offense

Arizona is a zero-tolerance state, which means that certain things that are not punishable in other states can still lead to a DUI charge in Arizona. Don’t worry, though, the DUI laws aren’t as encompassing, intrusive, or as strict as you might think. There are certain limitations put into place as a way to protect the general public – including you as the accused.

Here’s what you should know about Arizona’s zero-tolerance DUI laws:

Zero Tolerance in Numbers

For most States, the legal limit is below 0.08%. What happens if the reading is exactly at 0.08%? That’s still the legal limit. This means that if the breathalyzer or blood test comes back with a reading of 0.08% or less than that, you’re still considered capable of driving and you won’t be arrested. In Arizona, you can be arrested even if the breathalyzer gives a reading below 0.08% because of the zero-tolerance approach. This means that if the arresting officer perceives that you are “impaired” as a driver, he can still arrest you for DUI. Note though that there’s still a limitation to this. According to State laws, it “may” be presumed that the defendant is not intoxicated if the reading is below 0.05%. Hence if there’s a return of 0.05% or less, there’s a presumption that you’re not intoxicated. Unfortunately, the term used is “may,” which means that it’s still up to the discretion of the arresting officer. This is why the input of a lawyer is crucial to help weigh the cards in your favor.

Impairment Meaning in DUI

Impairment is a technical term used in DUI with a fairly flexible definition as it pertains to cases. Since AZ is a zero-tolerance state, the degree of impairment is very strict. If the arresting officer judges that you’re in a condition less than perfect for driving, this might already be grounds for saying you are ‘impaired.’ In many cases, the BAC is the determining factor for impairment. Physical attributes such as slurred speech, failed field sobriety tests, erratic driving, glazed eyes, or any other unusual behavior may be seen as a sign of impairment. In some cases, even the smell of alcohol may be used as a justification, although this is subject to a good argument by an equally good DUI lawyer.

DUI Tiers

So let’s say you took a Breathalyzer test and the result is less than 0.08%, but you still get arrested. If this is your first time, then you’re up for a Standard DUI, and each succeeding one causes a tier increase. This is because AZ approaches DUI on tier levels. To avoid climbing the tier, you’ll need a good lawyer to make sure you don’t even get convicted for the first one. Here’s how the tier system works:

Standard DUI

Your first DUI offense is punishable in the minimum of 10 days of jail, with nine suspended, and around $1500 in fines. You also will be order to attend an alcohol screening and counseling program, and suspension of 90 days, with the possibility of a restricted permit after 30 of those days. An ignition interlock device will be installed for 12 months. Even a first offense has numerous ramifications. A low blood alcohol can be a defensible and therefore open to argument, but only if you get a good lawyer. Why is it important to have a first offense junked? Because the ramifications of a DUI as so draconian. The lasting effects of a conviction could haunt someone for years to come.

Extreme DUI

If you register more than 0.15% in the scale, this is an Extreme DUI with fines of around $2,780 for the first offense, not including jail and other associated costs. You get the same associated penalties of a program and license suspension as with the first offense Standard DUI, except there is more jail time involved - 30 days in jail, but 21 of which could be suspended if you install an Ignition Interlock Device.

Super Extreme DUI

Registering above 0.20% is classified as Super Extreme DUI with the first offense being $3,240 and 18 months’ worth of interlock installation. The same program is required and the same license suspension as the Standard DUI applies.  More jail time is involved - 45 days, with 31 of which could be suspended if you install an Ignition Interlock Device. The laws on DUI in Arizona cover a lot of factors and can be quite confusing if you’re not used to the procedure. Without proper counsel, you might find yourself being coaxed into a situation you don’t deserve. Seeking help from an established DUI defense team early on can help avoid these problems and help you get back on the road as soon as possible. Contact Robert A. Dodell for a free initial DUI consultation and find out what your rights are.    

Arizona’s Zero-Tolerance DUI Laws: What You Need to Know was originally seen on Choose Robert Dodell Law Offices Arizona’s Zero-Tolerance DUI Laws: What You Need to Know first appeared on:

Robert A. Dodell, Attorney at Law - Serving Scottsdale, Tempe & Mesa, AZ

10601 N Hayden Rd, #I-103

Scottsdale, AZ 85260

(480) 860-4321

httpss://goo.gl/maps/diwY4pu8X5m

]]>

What Does the Zero Tolerance Mean for a DUI Offense

Arizona is a zero-tolerance state, which means that certain things that are not punishable in other states can still lead to a DUI charge in Arizona. Don’t worry, though, the DUI laws aren’t as encompassing, intrusive, or as strict as you might think. There are certain limitations put into place as a way to protect the general public – including you as the accused.

Here’s what you should know about Arizona’s zero-tolerance DUI laws:

Zero Tolerance in Numbers

For most States, the legal limit is below 0.08%. What happens if the reading is exactly at 0.08%? That’s still the legal limit. This means that if the breathalyzer or blood test comes back with a reading of 0.08% or less than that, you’re still considered capable of driving and you won’t be arrested. In Arizona, you can be arrested even if the breathalyzer gives a reading below 0.08% because of the zero-tolerance approach. This means that if the arresting officer perceives that you are “impaired” as a driver, he can still arrest you for DUI. Note though that there’s still a limitation to this. According to State laws, it “may” be presumed that the defendant is not intoxicated if the reading is below 0.05%. Hence if there’s a return of 0.05% or less, there’s a presumption that you’re not intoxicated. Unfortunately, the term used is “may,” which means that it’s still up to the discretion of the arresting officer. This is why the input of a lawyer is crucial to help weigh the cards in your favor.

Impairment Meaning in DUI

Impairment is a technical term used in DUI with a fairly flexible definition as it pertains to cases. Since AZ is a zero-tolerance state, the degree of impairment is very strict. If the arresting officer judges that you’re in a condition less than perfect for driving, this might already be grounds for saying you are ‘impaired.’ In many cases, the BAC is the determining factor for impairment. Physical attributes such as slurred speech, failed field sobriety tests, erratic driving, glazed eyes, or any other unusual behavior may be seen as a sign of impairment. In some cases, even the smell of alcohol may be used as a justification, although this is subject to a good argument by an equally good DUI lawyer.

DUI Tiers

So let’s say you took a Breathalyzer test and the result is less than 0.08%, but you still get arrested. If this is your first time, then you’re up for a Standard DUI, and each succeeding one causes a tier increase. This is because AZ approaches DUI on tier levels. To avoid climbing the tier, you’ll need a good lawyer to make sure you don’t even get convicted for the first one. Here’s how the tier system works:

Standard DUI

Your first DUI offense is punishable in the minimum of 10 days of jail, with nine suspended, and around $1500 in fines. You also will be order to attend an alcohol screening and counseling program, and suspension of 90 days, with the possibility of a restricted permit after 30 of those days. An ignition interlock device will be installed for 12 months. Even a first offense has numerous ramifications. A low blood alcohol can be a defensible and therefore open to argument, but only if you get a good lawyer. Why is it important to have a first offense junked? Because the ramifications of a DUI as so draconian. The lasting effects of a conviction could haunt someone for years to come.

Extreme DUI

If you register more than 0.15% in the scale, this is an Extreme DUI with fines of around $2,780 for the first offense, not including jail and other associated costs. You get the same associated penalties of a program and license suspension as with the first offense Standard DUI, except there is more jail time involved - 30 days in jail, but 21 of which could be suspended if you install an Ignition Interlock Device.

Super Extreme DUI

Registering above 0.20% is classified as Super Extreme DUI with the first offense being $3,240 and 18 months’ worth of interlock installation. The same program is required and the same license suspension as the Standard DUI applies.  More jail time is involved - 45 days, with 31 of which could be suspended if you install an Ignition Interlock Device. The laws on DUI in Arizona cover a lot of factors and can be quite confusing if you’re not used to the procedure. Without proper counsel, you might find yourself being coaxed into a situation you don’t deserve. Seeking help from an established DUI defense team early on can help avoid these problems and help you get back on the road as soon as possible. Contact Robert A. Dodell for a free initial DUI consultation and find out what your rights are.    

Arizona’s Zero-Tolerance DUI Laws: What You Need to Know was originally seen on Choose Robert Dodell Law Offices Arizona’s Zero-Tolerance DUI Laws: What You Need to Know first appeared on:

Robert A. Dodell, Attorney at Law - Serving Scottsdale, Tempe & Mesa, AZ

10601 N Hayden Rd, #I-103

Scottsdale, AZ 85260

(480) 860-4321

httpss://goo.gl/maps/diwY4pu8X5m

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How Much Can An Arizona DUI Raise Your Insurance Rates? https://www.azcrimlaw.com/dui-legal-defense/felony/how-much-can-an-arizona-dui-raise-your-insurance-rates/ Wed, 25 Sep 2019 10:59:26 +0000 https://www.azcrimlaw.com/?p=1535 Being convicted of a DUI is a serious matter. You will do jail time and lose your driving privileges. And there is a substantial risk your insurance premiums will go up.

DUI Arizona Laws

Under Arizona law, you can be found guilty of driving under the influence if your blood alcohol concentration is over the 0.08% limit. This is a standard DUI. You can be convicted of an extreme DUI if your BAC is above or at 0.15%. If you are a commercial driver, however, you can be convicted of a DUI with a BAC of just 0.04%. And, if you are an underage driver, even the slightest trace of alcohol can result in a “Baby” DUI. Also, you can be charged with an aggravated DUI under the following circumstances:
  • Driving while your license is revoked, canceled, or suspended
  • If you are transporting a passenger below 15 years old
  • Convicted of a DUI for the third time within a seven-year (84-month) period

Arizona DUI Penalties

Since the state has a zero-tolerance policy for driving under the influence, the penalties for DUI charges are severe. These harsh penalties are intended to act as a deterrent to discourage drivers from drunk driving. For a first time offender with a standard DUI, the penalties include jail time from 24 hours to ten days, minimum fines of approximately $1,600 (plus a monitoring fee and jail costs), and suspension of license for 90-days or one-year revocation. In addition, the offender must have an IID installed in every vehicle they use for 12 months, along with an alcohol or drug screening and education treatment program. They may also be required to perform community service. Repeat offenders who have had second standard DUI face 90 days jail time, approximately $3500 in fines, and a 12-month license revocation. An IID will be installed in all vehicles they use for 12 months, and they must perform 30 hours of community service. They are also required to undergo an alcohol or drug screening and education treatment program. Penalties for aggravated and extreme DUIs are much more severe, with longer jail sentences and higher fines, as well as longer suspension of driving privileges. Underage DUIs come with the most severe penalties, with a maximum 180 days of jail time, and fines and fees of as much as $4,575 as well as suspension of driving privileges for as long as two years. In Arizona, a DUI conviction will stay on your record, even if you have only been convicted of a misdemeanor. However, you can petition the court to have your conviction “set aside,” meaning it will be removed from your record.

Insurance Premium Increases

Should your insurance company learn of the DUI conviction, you should expect your car insurance to cost you much more. In fact, you should not be surprised if your average car insurance rates more than double. The insurance provider now classifies you as a “high risk” driver and thus, will charge you higher rates to be insured. You should also expect that these rate increases will last for a minimum of three years and a maximum of seven years or more, depending on the severity of the DUI and if you are a repeat offender. You may have to required by the Motor Vehicle Department to obtain a SR-22 insurance policy from your insurance company. This is also known as a financial responsibility or certificate of insurance form. This vehicle liability insurance form certifies that you have met state requirements for liability insurance. The insurance company is also required to inform the DMV if your policy has been cancelled or you have allowed it to lapse. If you have been with a DUI, get in touch with a lawyer immediately to handle your case. Hire an experienced DUI Attorney; Robert Dodell has over 30 years as a practicing criminal lawyer who has also worked as a prosecutor in the past. He is there to get you the best outcome for your case.    

How Much Can An Arizona DUI Raise Your Insurance Rates? See more on: AZCrimLaw and associates How Much Can An Arizona DUI Raise Your Insurance Rates? first appeared on:

Robert A. Dodell, Attorney at Law - Serving Scottsdale, Tempe & Mesa, AZ

10601 N Hayden Rd, #I-103

Scottsdale, AZ 85260

(480) 860-4321

httpss://goo.gl/maps/diwY4pu8X5m

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Being convicted of a DUI is a serious matter. You will do jail time and lose your driving privileges. And there is a substantial risk your insurance premiums will go up.

DUI Arizona Laws

Under Arizona law, you can be found guilty of driving under the influence if your blood alcohol concentration is over the 0.08% limit. This is a standard DUI. You can be convicted of an extreme DUI if your BAC is above or at 0.15%. If you are a commercial driver, however, you can be convicted of a DUI with a BAC of just 0.04%. And, if you are an underage driver, even the slightest trace of alcohol can result in a “Baby” DUI. Also, you can be charged with an aggravated DUI under the following circumstances:
  • Driving while your license is revoked, canceled, or suspended
  • If you are transporting a passenger below 15 years old
  • Convicted of a DUI for the third time within a seven-year (84-month) period

Arizona DUI Penalties

Since the state has a zero-tolerance policy for driving under the influence, the penalties for DUI charges are severe. These harsh penalties are intended to act as a deterrent to discourage drivers from drunk driving. For a first time offender with a standard DUI, the penalties include jail time from 24 hours to ten days, minimum fines of approximately $1,600 (plus a monitoring fee and jail costs), and suspension of license for 90-days or one-year revocation. In addition, the offender must have an IID installed in every vehicle they use for 12 months, along with an alcohol or drug screening and education treatment program. They may also be required to perform community service. Repeat offenders who have had second standard DUI face 90 days jail time, approximately $3500 in fines, and a 12-month license revocation. An IID will be installed in all vehicles they use for 12 months, and they must perform 30 hours of community service. They are also required to undergo an alcohol or drug screening and education treatment program. Penalties for aggravated and extreme DUIs are much more severe, with longer jail sentences and higher fines, as well as longer suspension of driving privileges. Underage DUIs come with the most severe penalties, with a maximum 180 days of jail time, and fines and fees of as much as $4,575 as well as suspension of driving privileges for as long as two years. In Arizona, a DUI conviction will stay on your record, even if you have only been convicted of a misdemeanor. However, you can petition the court to have your conviction “set aside,” meaning it will be removed from your record.

Insurance Premium Increases

Should your insurance company learn of the DUI conviction, you should expect your car insurance to cost you much more. In fact, you should not be surprised if your average car insurance rates more than double. The insurance provider now classifies you as a “high risk” driver and thus, will charge you higher rates to be insured. You should also expect that these rate increases will last for a minimum of three years and a maximum of seven years or more, depending on the severity of the DUI and if you are a repeat offender. You may have to required by the Motor Vehicle Department to obtain a SR-22 insurance policy from your insurance company. This is also known as a financial responsibility or certificate of insurance form. This vehicle liability insurance form certifies that you have met state requirements for liability insurance. The insurance company is also required to inform the DMV if your policy has been cancelled or you have allowed it to lapse. If you have been with a DUI, get in touch with a lawyer immediately to handle your case. Hire an experienced DUI Attorney; Robert Dodell has over 30 years as a practicing criminal lawyer who has also worked as a prosecutor in the past. He is there to get you the best outcome for your case.    

How Much Can An Arizona DUI Raise Your Insurance Rates? See more on: AZCrimLaw and associates How Much Can An Arizona DUI Raise Your Insurance Rates? first appeared on:

Robert A. Dodell, Attorney at Law - Serving Scottsdale, Tempe & Mesa, AZ

10601 N Hayden Rd, #I-103

Scottsdale, AZ 85260

(480) 860-4321

httpss://goo.gl/maps/diwY4pu8X5m

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Cities in Arizona Ranked by Violent Crime Rate https://www.azcrimlaw.com/criminal-legal-defense/criminal-damage/cities-in-arizona-ranked-by-violent-crime-rate/ Tue, 17 Sep 2019 07:38:21 +0000 https://www.azcrimlaw.com/?p=1550

What Are Some of the Highest Property Crime Cities in Arizona

Arizona isn’t exactly a hotbed of crime. In a recent survey, it was ranked as the 22nd safest state for property crime in the US. However, that doesn’t mean that you’ll never run into a dangerous situation or never hear of someone reporting property crime near you. Here are some of the most dangerous cities in AZ.

Tolleson

A city with a population of just above 7000, Tolleson has 932 violent crimes per year and around 10,605 property crimes within the same period. That’s the value per 100,000 people – which means that 1 out of every nine citizens is likely to be a victim of a robbery, breaking and entering, or some other type of property crime. 

Tucson

A fairly big city, Tucson has a population of just above half a million. Fortunately, its crime rate has lowered in the past years, but it’s still not exactly safe. Violent crimes per 100,000 people are at 801, and property crimes are at 5,251 per 100,000. It’s not surprising that Tucson ranks high on the list, as it is the second biggest city in AZ. Interestingly enough, the crime reports occur in specific areas of the city and not spread throughout. Hence, citizens who limit their visits to safer areas may not be aware of the occurring crimes.

Globe

Having a 1 in 13 odds of being a victim of a crime, citizens of Globe have to watch out in their city. Approximately 7,349 people live in Globe and deal with a violent crime rate of 1,714 per 100,000. As for property crime, it rates at 7,538 per 100,000. Unfortunately, the crime rate is steadily increasing for Globe as opposed to other cities.

Glendale

With a population of just around 250,000; Glendale, Arizona registers violent crimes at a rate of 488 per 100,000 people and around 4,530 property crimes for the same ratio. It’s fairly close to Phoenix, which could be a reason for the high rate. While crime is not present throughout the city, there’s still a 1 in 22 chance of being a victim, especially if you live close to problem areas.

Tempe

Believe it or not, Tempe’s crime rate has decreased over recent years, but it still occupies a spot in AZ’s most dangerous cities. It currently has a population of around 186,000 with 474 violent crimes per year per 100,000 people. It also has around 4,121 property crimes per 100,000 people. That’s around 2 crimes per 26 people.

Winslow

Registering a population of 9,764, Winslow climbed up the ranking by two levels. That’s not a good thing as this makes the city one of the more dangerous places to stay in AZ. The violent crime rate is at 686 per 100,000 and 8,142 per 100,000 for property crime. That means that citizens have a 1 in 98 chance of being a crime victim in the area. Fortunately, the crime rate is dipping, so its ranking might change in the upcoming years.

Holbrook

Considered the 5th worst city in AZ when it comes to crime, Holbrook has a population of 5,077. It’s climbed up the ranking ladder with violent crimes of around 866 per 100,000 and property crimes of around 5,022 for the same number of residents. This means that there’s a 1 in 115 chance of being a victim in the area. It’s not a bad probability, but it’s still something to be concerned about.

Kingman

Small, with a population of just 29,181, it’s surprising how Kingman got onto this list. In recent years, Kingman has been low on crime but steadily increased, causing a total of 4,951 property crimes per 100,000. Violent crimes are at 448 per 100,000. While that’s not as high as other cities, with just 1 violent crime per 222 residents, it does bear noting, especially since they climbed 3 levels up the most dangerous ladder. Finding out your city’s crime rate is not meant to scare you, but to prepare you. Awareness is the first line of defense when it comes to crime so that you can position yourself and your loved ones for minimal damage. After securing yourself against possible crimes, the next step is to make sure you have the right people on your side if something does happen. Contact Robert A. Dodell, Attorney at Law. To help defend your case, Robert A. Dodell Law Offices can help you.

The following blog post Cities in Arizona Ranked by Violent Crime Rate See more on: Law Offices of Robert Dodell Cities in Arizona Ranked by Violent Crime Rate first appeared on:

Robert A. Dodell, Attorney at Law - Serving Scottsdale, Tempe & Mesa, AZ

10601 N Hayden Rd, #I-103

Scottsdale, AZ 85260

(480) 860-4321

httpss://goo.gl/maps/diwY4pu8X5m

]]>

What Are Some of the Highest Property Crime Cities in Arizona

Arizona isn’t exactly a hotbed of crime. In a recent survey, it was ranked as the 22nd safest state for property crime in the US. However, that doesn’t mean that you’ll never run into a dangerous situation or never hear of someone reporting property crime near you. Here are some of the most dangerous cities in AZ.

Tolleson

A city with a population of just above 7000, Tolleson has 932 violent crimes per year and around 10,605 property crimes within the same period. That’s the value per 100,000 people – which means that 1 out of every nine citizens is likely to be a victim of a robbery, breaking and entering, or some other type of property crime. 

Tucson

A fairly big city, Tucson has a population of just above half a million. Fortunately, its crime rate has lowered in the past years, but it’s still not exactly safe. Violent crimes per 100,000 people are at 801, and property crimes are at 5,251 per 100,000. It’s not surprising that Tucson ranks high on the list, as it is the second biggest city in AZ. Interestingly enough, the crime reports occur in specific areas of the city and not spread throughout. Hence, citizens who limit their visits to safer areas may not be aware of the occurring crimes.

Globe

Having a 1 in 13 odds of being a victim of a crime, citizens of Globe have to watch out in their city. Approximately 7,349 people live in Globe and deal with a violent crime rate of 1,714 per 100,000. As for property crime, it rates at 7,538 per 100,000. Unfortunately, the crime rate is steadily increasing for Globe as opposed to other cities.

Glendale

With a population of just around 250,000; Glendale, Arizona registers violent crimes at a rate of 488 per 100,000 people and around 4,530 property crimes for the same ratio. It’s fairly close to Phoenix, which could be a reason for the high rate. While crime is not present throughout the city, there’s still a 1 in 22 chance of being a victim, especially if you live close to problem areas.

Tempe

Believe it or not, Tempe’s crime rate has decreased over recent years, but it still occupies a spot in AZ’s most dangerous cities. It currently has a population of around 186,000 with 474 violent crimes per year per 100,000 people. It also has around 4,121 property crimes per 100,000 people. That’s around 2 crimes per 26 people.

Winslow

Registering a population of 9,764, Winslow climbed up the ranking by two levels. That’s not a good thing as this makes the city one of the more dangerous places to stay in AZ. The violent crime rate is at 686 per 100,000 and 8,142 per 100,000 for property crime. That means that citizens have a 1 in 98 chance of being a crime victim in the area. Fortunately, the crime rate is dipping, so its ranking might change in the upcoming years.

Holbrook

Considered the 5th worst city in AZ when it comes to crime, Holbrook has a population of 5,077. It’s climbed up the ranking ladder with violent crimes of around 866 per 100,000 and property crimes of around 5,022 for the same number of residents. This means that there’s a 1 in 115 chance of being a victim in the area. It’s not a bad probability, but it’s still something to be concerned about.

Kingman

Small, with a population of just 29,181, it’s surprising how Kingman got onto this list. In recent years, Kingman has been low on crime but steadily increased, causing a total of 4,951 property crimes per 100,000. Violent crimes are at 448 per 100,000. While that’s not as high as other cities, with just 1 violent crime per 222 residents, it does bear noting, especially since they climbed 3 levels up the most dangerous ladder. Finding out your city’s crime rate is not meant to scare you, but to prepare you. Awareness is the first line of defense when it comes to crime so that you can position yourself and your loved ones for minimal damage. After securing yourself against possible crimes, the next step is to make sure you have the right people on your side if something does happen. Contact Robert A. Dodell, Attorney at Law. To help defend your case, Robert A. Dodell Law Offices can help you.

The following blog post Cities in Arizona Ranked by Violent Crime Rate See more on: Law Offices of Robert Dodell Cities in Arizona Ranked by Violent Crime Rate first appeared on:

Robert A. Dodell, Attorney at Law - Serving Scottsdale, Tempe & Mesa, AZ

10601 N Hayden Rd, #I-103

Scottsdale, AZ 85260

(480) 860-4321

httpss://goo.gl/maps/diwY4pu8X5m

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Common Defenses Against Aggravated Assault Charges https://www.azcrimlaw.com/criminal-legal-defense/assault/common-defenses-against-aggravated-assault-charges/ Fri, 13 Sep 2019 02:36:40 +0000 https://www.azcrimlaw.com/?p=1528

What is an Aggravated Assault and Common Defenses?

Aggravated Assault is defined under ARS 13-1204. The law provides that there is aggravated assault when there is an “assault,” and the following elements occur at the same time as the assault.

What Is Aggravated Assault?

Before discussing defenses, you have to first find out what assault means. Assault occurs when a person:
  • Intentionally, knowingly, or recklessly causes physical injury to another person
  • Intentionally puts another person in reasonable apprehension of imminent bodily injury
  • Knowingly touches another person with the intent to injure, insult, or provoke said person
If any of the above occurs, that’s legally recognized as an assault. For it to be “aggravated assault,” the following elements must also be present:
  • That the physical injury caused is serious
  • The person uses a deadly weapon or a dangerous instrument
  • A person commits assault via the use of force that results in substantial but temporary disfigurement, substantial but temporary impairment, or loss of any organ or any part of the body

Defenses Available

Due to the complexity of the law, there are several defenses available for a person charged with aggravated assault. Since this is a criminal case, the burden of proof is on the State to prove the offense. This means that the State must be the one who proves that all the elements mentioned above are present. So what defenses can you use? Here are some options:

Self-Defense

Arizona law allows for self-defense as a possible reason to invalidate aggravated assault charges. Self-defense is allowed if you are protecting yourself from a perceived and imminent threat. This means that, while there was physical force or threats on your part, you only did so because the other person made you believe that it was necessary to protect yourself immediately. Typically, this defense is only accepted if the force you used to protect yourself is proportionate to the perceived threat. Hence, if someone is readying himself to punch you, then you can preemptively punch him first. This is considered an appropriate response – but stabbing them is not.

Defense of Others

The law also extends the privilege of self-defense to other people. For example, if you see a loved one or a friend being threatened or in what appears to be imminent danger. If this is the case, you can step in and use the appropriate amount of force to defend that person. Note though that you are still limited by the perceived attack. It has to be an appropriate response, which means that the physical force you use is not excessive, considering the physical abuse that the other person threatens.

Causation

Causation is also a good defense. It simply puts into question the validity of the perceived connection between the “injury” and the physical violence or threat. It answers the question: is the injury caused by the person being charged with the crime? For example, if a person is drunk – it can be argued that their injury was their own fault, or the injury would have occurred even without the intervention of the accused. This is also a possible defense in instances where the injury occurred in crowded places, putting into question the possibility that some other person did the damage.

Violation of Constitutional Guarantee

Another good defense is by questioning the validity of the evidence and having it eliminated from the presentation. This occurs when authorities collect evidence without the benefit of a search warrant or warrant of arrest. Any evidence obtained without a warrant may be excluded from presentation and therefore, may not be considered when a decision is being made by the judge. This is one of the most fundamental policies of the State, and it can be tough for the prosecution to bargain against it. With vital evidence gone from the table, a State’s case becomes more difficult.

Consulting the Right Arizona Lawyer

The possibilities for an aggravated assault defense are numerous, with the law requiring the highest quality of proof before deciding on the case. This is why the right lawyer is important, giving you the chance to break down the situation into pieces that can be analyzed and presented in the best light. Due to the many factors involved here, it pays to have someone with the experience and legal know-how to present your stance in the most favorable light. Hiring the right lawyer, like Robert A. Dodell, can help get the right result.    

Common Defenses Against Aggravated Assault Charges was originally published on ArizonaCrimLaw - Robert Dodell Law Offices Common Defenses Against Aggravated Assault Charges first appeared on:

Robert A. Dodell, Attorney at Law - Serving Scottsdale, Tempe & Mesa, AZ

10601 N Hayden Rd, #I-103

Scottsdale, AZ 85260

(480) 860-4321

httpss://goo.gl/maps/diwY4pu8X5m

]]>

What is an Aggravated Assault and Common Defenses?

Aggravated Assault is defined under ARS 13-1204. The law provides that there is aggravated assault when there is an “assault,” and the following elements occur at the same time as the assault.

What Is Aggravated Assault?

Before discussing defenses, you have to first find out what assault means. Assault occurs when a person:
  • Intentionally, knowingly, or recklessly causes physical injury to another person
  • Intentionally puts another person in reasonable apprehension of imminent bodily injury
  • Knowingly touches another person with the intent to injure, insult, or provoke said person
If any of the above occurs, that’s legally recognized as an assault. For it to be “aggravated assault,” the following elements must also be present:
  • That the physical injury caused is serious
  • The person uses a deadly weapon or a dangerous instrument
  • A person commits assault via the use of force that results in substantial but temporary disfigurement, substantial but temporary impairment, or loss of any organ or any part of the body

Defenses Available

Due to the complexity of the law, there are several defenses available for a person charged with aggravated assault. Since this is a criminal case, the burden of proof is on the State to prove the offense. This means that the State must be the one who proves that all the elements mentioned above are present. So what defenses can you use? Here are some options:

Self-Defense

Arizona law allows for self-defense as a possible reason to invalidate aggravated assault charges. Self-defense is allowed if you are protecting yourself from a perceived and imminent threat. This means that, while there was physical force or threats on your part, you only did so because the other person made you believe that it was necessary to protect yourself immediately. Typically, this defense is only accepted if the force you used to protect yourself is proportionate to the perceived threat. Hence, if someone is readying himself to punch you, then you can preemptively punch him first. This is considered an appropriate response – but stabbing them is not.

Defense of Others

The law also extends the privilege of self-defense to other people. For example, if you see a loved one or a friend being threatened or in what appears to be imminent danger. If this is the case, you can step in and use the appropriate amount of force to defend that person. Note though that you are still limited by the perceived attack. It has to be an appropriate response, which means that the physical force you use is not excessive, considering the physical abuse that the other person threatens.

Causation

Causation is also a good defense. It simply puts into question the validity of the perceived connection between the “injury” and the physical violence or threat. It answers the question: is the injury caused by the person being charged with the crime? For example, if a person is drunk – it can be argued that their injury was their own fault, or the injury would have occurred even without the intervention of the accused. This is also a possible defense in instances where the injury occurred in crowded places, putting into question the possibility that some other person did the damage.

Violation of Constitutional Guarantee

Another good defense is by questioning the validity of the evidence and having it eliminated from the presentation. This occurs when authorities collect evidence without the benefit of a search warrant or warrant of arrest. Any evidence obtained without a warrant may be excluded from presentation and therefore, may not be considered when a decision is being made by the judge. This is one of the most fundamental policies of the State, and it can be tough for the prosecution to bargain against it. With vital evidence gone from the table, a State’s case becomes more difficult.

Consulting the Right Arizona Lawyer

The possibilities for an aggravated assault defense are numerous, with the law requiring the highest quality of proof before deciding on the case. This is why the right lawyer is important, giving you the chance to break down the situation into pieces that can be analyzed and presented in the best light. Due to the many factors involved here, it pays to have someone with the experience and legal know-how to present your stance in the most favorable light. Hiring the right lawyer, like Robert A. Dodell, can help get the right result.    

Common Defenses Against Aggravated Assault Charges was originally published on ArizonaCrimLaw - Robert Dodell Law Offices Common Defenses Against Aggravated Assault Charges first appeared on:

Robert A. Dodell, Attorney at Law - Serving Scottsdale, Tempe & Mesa, AZ

10601 N Hayden Rd, #I-103

Scottsdale, AZ 85260

(480) 860-4321

httpss://goo.gl/maps/diwY4pu8X5m

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Police Investigate Even Minor Hit and Runs https://www.azcrimlaw.com/dui-legal-defense/hit-and-run-leaving-the-scene/police-investigate-even-minor-hit-and-runs/ Thu, 22 Aug 2019 00:22:20 +0000 https://www.azcrimlaw.com/?p=1520 Police are mandated to investigate any hit and run accidents, even minor ones that only involve slight damage to property and no physical injuries or if alcohol is involved. So, do not think the police will not get involved.  You should not neglect your legal duties in case you are involved in an accident under applicable Arizona laws. A hit and run is defined as a traffic accident in which a driver leaves the scene without fulfilling their legal duties as a party to the collision. Under Arizona law, two major statutes define your legal duties if you are involved in a hit and run. Under ARS 28-663, if you are the driver of a car that is involved in an accident that resulted in death or injury, or damage to a vehicle driven or attended by a person, your duties are to:
  1. Provide your name and your car’s vehicle registration number
  2. If requested, show your driver’s license to the driver, persons struck, or the occupants of the car as well as persons attending them
  3. Provide reasonable aid to persons injured in the accident, including first aid. If it is apparent that the injured persons need treatment, you must make arrangements to get them to a physician or hospital
Under ARS 28-662, if you’re involved in an accident involving only damage to a vehicle attended or driven by a person, your legal duties include:
  1. Stopping your vehicle at the accident scene or near it but return immediately to the scene
  2. Remaining at the scene until you meet the requirements of ARS 28-663
  3. Stopping without unduly obstructing traffic
Here are several hit and run scenarios and their corresponding penalties if you fail to meet your legal duties:
  • Hitting an unoccupied parked vehicle
  • Failing to meet your legal duties is a class 3 misdemeanor, which carries with it a fine of $500, up to 30 days in jail, and 1 year probation. However, you can meet your legal duties in this case by leaving a note on the windshield with the relevant information.
  • An accident that causes damage to an occupied vehicle
  • Not meeting your legal duty is a class 2 misdemeanor, which carries with it a $750 fine, maximum jail time of 4 months, and two years probation.
  • An accident that only involves non-serious injury
  • Failing to meet your legal duty is a class 5 felony, whose penalties include a 3-year revocation of the driver’s license and maximum jail time of 2.5 years.
  • An accident that causes death or serious injury
  • Failing to meet your duty is a class 2 felony. This carries with it a penalty of up to 8.75 years in jail and revocation of your driving privileges for five years.
Police will get involved in both the misdemeanor and felony matters, although they will prioritize accidents where one or more of the parties involved have sustained a physical injury. Even in cases where there are minor injuries and minimal property damage, you should contact the police. This can help you if you make a claim with your insurance provider, since there is a police report and a case number. If you are the guilty party in a minor hit and run, this does not mean you are free and clear if you believe you successfully avoid detection.  The police will investigate and try to track you down. Thus, it is always the best course of action to meet your legal duties in a hit and run, even one considered minor. If you have left the scene, however, and the police contact you, get in touch with an attorney immediately to ensure that your rights are protected. Attorney Robert Dodell is an experienced lawyer who has worked in both criminal defense and as a prosecutor. If you have left the scene of a hit and run and are worried that you will be charged with a crime, Attorney Robert Dodell will fight your case even before it goes to court. He will conduct his own independent investigation to ensure that your case has the best possible outcome.    

Police Investigate Even Minor Hit and Runs was first seen on https://azcrimlaw.com/blog/ Police Investigate Even Minor Hit and Runs first appeared on:

Robert A. Dodell, Attorney at Law - Serving Scottsdale, Tempe & Mesa, AZ

10601 N Hayden Rd, #I-103

Scottsdale, AZ 85260

(480) 860-4321

httpss://goo.gl/maps/diwY4pu8X5m

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Police are mandated to investigate any hit and run accidents, even minor ones that only involve slight damage to property and no physical injuries or if alcohol is involved. So, do not think the police will not get involved.  You should not neglect your legal duties in case you are involved in an accident under applicable Arizona laws. A hit and run is defined as a traffic accident in which a driver leaves the scene without fulfilling their legal duties as a party to the collision. Under Arizona law, two major statutes define your legal duties if you are involved in a hit and run. Under ARS 28-663, if you are the driver of a car that is involved in an accident that resulted in death or injury, or damage to a vehicle driven or attended by a person, your duties are to:
  1. Provide your name and your car’s vehicle registration number
  2. If requested, show your driver’s license to the driver, persons struck, or the occupants of the car as well as persons attending them
  3. Provide reasonable aid to persons injured in the accident, including first aid. If it is apparent that the injured persons need treatment, you must make arrangements to get them to a physician or hospital
Under ARS 28-662, if you’re involved in an accident involving only damage to a vehicle attended or driven by a person, your legal duties include:
  1. Stopping your vehicle at the accident scene or near it but return immediately to the scene
  2. Remaining at the scene until you meet the requirements of ARS 28-663
  3. Stopping without unduly obstructing traffic
Here are several hit and run scenarios and their corresponding penalties if you fail to meet your legal duties:
  • Hitting an unoccupied parked vehicle
  • Failing to meet your legal duties is a class 3 misdemeanor, which carries with it a fine of $500, up to 30 days in jail, and 1 year probation. However, you can meet your legal duties in this case by leaving a note on the windshield with the relevant information.
  • An accident that causes damage to an occupied vehicle
  • Not meeting your legal duty is a class 2 misdemeanor, which carries with it a $750 fine, maximum jail time of 4 months, and two years probation.
  • An accident that only involves non-serious injury
  • Failing to meet your legal duty is a class 5 felony, whose penalties include a 3-year revocation of the driver’s license and maximum jail time of 2.5 years.
  • An accident that causes death or serious injury
  • Failing to meet your duty is a class 2 felony. This carries with it a penalty of up to 8.75 years in jail and revocation of your driving privileges for five years.
Police will get involved in both the misdemeanor and felony matters, although they will prioritize accidents where one or more of the parties involved have sustained a physical injury. Even in cases where there are minor injuries and minimal property damage, you should contact the police. This can help you if you make a claim with your insurance provider, since there is a police report and a case number. If you are the guilty party in a minor hit and run, this does not mean you are free and clear if you believe you successfully avoid detection.  The police will investigate and try to track you down. Thus, it is always the best course of action to meet your legal duties in a hit and run, even one considered minor. If you have left the scene, however, and the police contact you, get in touch with an attorney immediately to ensure that your rights are protected. Attorney Robert Dodell is an experienced lawyer who has worked in both criminal defense and as a prosecutor. If you have left the scene of a hit and run and are worried that you will be charged with a crime, Attorney Robert Dodell will fight your case even before it goes to court. He will conduct his own independent investigation to ensure that your case has the best possible outcome.    

Police Investigate Even Minor Hit and Runs was first seen on https://azcrimlaw.com/blog/ Police Investigate Even Minor Hit and Runs first appeared on:

Robert A. Dodell, Attorney at Law - Serving Scottsdale, Tempe & Mesa, AZ

10601 N Hayden Rd, #I-103

Scottsdale, AZ 85260

(480) 860-4321

httpss://goo.gl/maps/diwY4pu8X5m

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